pharaonic history
Ancient Egypt is an ancient civilization in northeastern Africa. The ancient Egyptian civilization (1) was centered on the banks of the Nile River in what is now known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. Egyptian civilization began around the year 3150 BC. When King Menes (Narmer) united southern and northern Egypt together, it developed over the next three millennia. It historically comprised a series of politically stable kingdoms, interspersed with periods of relative instability called intermediate periods. Ancient Egypt reached the height of its civilization in the era of the New Kingdom, after which the country entered a period of slow decline. Egypt was attacked in that period by many foreign powers, and the rule of the ancient Egyptians officially ended when the Roman Empire invaded Egypt and made it one of its provinces. The ancient Egyptian civilization succeeded in the Nile River Valley, where it had all the ingredients for agriculture, including fertile soil, water, and a temperate climate. Forecasting floods and controlling their damage helped produce abundant agricultural crops that contributed to social and cultural development. With the availability of the necessary materials, the authorities extracted a lot of minerals found in the valley and the surrounding desert areas, wrote and developed an independent writing system in them, and organized collective construction and agricultural projects, in addition to trade with the surrounding areas of Egypt, and strengthening the military forces for military defense was necessary to resist the enemies of the outside, and confirm The domination of the Pharaonic families over the country. These activities were organized and stimulated by an elite group of bureaucrats, religious leaders and administrators under the control of the ruler of Egypt who was keen on cooperation and unity among Egyptians, in the context of a tight system of religious beliefs. The achievements of the ancient Egyptians included the exploitation of quarries, surveying and building techniques that facilitated the construction of huge pyramids, temples, and obelisks, as well as a practical and effective system of mathematics in medicine. Irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known ships, Egyptian faience and glass painting technology, new forms of literature, and the first known peace treaty. Ancient Egypt left a lasting legacy for all of humanity, and the ancient Greeks took a lot from it, followed by the Romans. The Egyptian civilization, art and architecture were copied and imitated on a large scale in the world, and its effects were transferred to far parts of the world. The ruins and remains inspired the imagination of travelers and writers for centuries, and discoveries at the beginning of the modern era about Egyptian antiquities and excavations led to scientific research of the Egyptian civilization that was manifested in a science called Egyptology, and more appreciation for its cultural heritage in Egypt and the world.
The Egypt Code
The Egypt Code
pharaonic history
0
3244
English
Robert Bauval
The Egypt Code book pdf by Robert Bauval
Egypt: Lost Civilizations
Egypt: Lost Civilizations
pharaonic history
0
1369
English
Christina Riggs
Egypt: Lost Civilizations book pdf by Christina Riggs
Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations
Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations
pharaonic history
0
1330
English
Robert Schoch
Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations book pdf by Robert Schoch
Origins of the Sphinx: Celestial Guardian of Pre-Pharaonic Civilization
Origins of the Sphinx: Celestial Guardian of Pre-Pharaonic Civilization
pharaonic history
0
1273
English
Robert Schoch
Origins of the Sphinx: Celestial Guardian of Pre-Pharaonic Civilization book pdf by Robert Schoch
The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt
The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt
pharaonic history
0
1216
English
Ian Shaw
The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt book pdf by Ian Shaw
Voyages of the Pyramid Builders
Voyages of the Pyramid Builders
pharaonic history
0
1206
English
Robert Schoch
Voyages of the Pyramid Builders book pdf by Robert Schoch
Death and burial in Ancient Egypt
Death and burial in Ancient Egypt
pharaonic history
0
1168
English
Salima Ikram
Death and burial in Ancient Egypt book pdf by Salima Ikram
Leadership Lessons from the Ancient World
Leadership Lessons from the Ancient World
pharaonic history
0
1126
English
Ian Shaw
Leadership Lessons from the Ancient World book pdf by Ian Shaw
Ancient Egypt - a Very Short Introduction
Ancient Egypt - a Very Short Introduction
pharaonic history
0
1117
English
Ian Shaw
Ancient Egypt - a Very Short Introduction book pdf by Ian Shaw
Egyptian Warfare and Weapons
Egyptian Warfare and Weapons
pharaonic history
0
1116
English
Ian Shaw
Egyptian Warfare and Weapons book pdf by Ian Shaw
Forgotten civilization : the role of solar outbursts in our past and future
Forgotten civilization : the role of solar outbursts in our past and future
pharaonic history
0
1092
English
Robert Schoch
Forgotten civilization : the role of solar outbursts in our past and future book pdf by Robert Schoch
Unwrapping Ancient Egypt
Unwrapping Ancient Egypt
pharaonic history
0
1089
English
Christina Riggs
Unwrapping Ancient Egypt book pdf by Christina Riggs
Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt
Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt
pharaonic history
0
1044
English
Robert Bauval
Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt book pdf by Robert Bauval
Pyramid quest: secrets of the Great Pyramid and the dawn of civilization
Pyramid quest: secrets of the Great Pyramid and the dawn of civilization
pharaonic history
0
1023
English
Robert Schoch
Pyramid quest: secrets of the Great Pyramid and the dawn of civilization book pdf by Robert Schoch
Our Oriental Heritage: The Story of Civilization, Volume I
Our Oriental Heritage: The Story of Civilization, Volume I
pharaonic history
0
989
English
Will Durant
Our Oriental Heritage: The Story of Civilization, Volume I book pdf by Will Durant
A History of World Egyptology
A History of World Egyptology
pharaonic history
0
978
English
Salima Ikram
A History of World Egyptology book pdf by Salima Ikram
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt: The History of a Civilisation from 3000 BC to Cleopatra
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt: The History of a Civilisation from 3000 BC to Cleopatra
pharaonic history
0
965
English
Toby Wilkinson
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt: The History of a Civilisation from 3000 BC to Cleopatra book pdf by Toby Wilkinson
Writings from Ancient Egypt
Writings from Ancient Egypt
pharaonic history
0
951
English
Toby Wilkinson
Writings from Ancient Egypt book pdf by Toby Wilkinson
Treasured: How Tutankhamun Shaped a Century
Treasured: How Tutankhamun Shaped a Century
pharaonic history
0
912
English
Christina Riggs
Treasured: How Tutankhamun Shaped a Century book pdf by Christina Riggs
City of the Ram-Man: The Story of Ancient Mendes
City of the Ram-Man: The Story of Ancient Mendes
pharaonic history
0
881
English
Donald Redford
City of the Ram-Man: The Story of Ancient Mendes book pdf by Donald Redford