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Linguistics is a science concerned with the study of human languages and the study of their characteristics, structures and degrees of similarity and contrast between them, and studies language from all its aspects in a comprehensive study.
The linguist is the person who does this study. Modern linguistics emerged as a science in the 19th century AD, but as a field of study as old as man, linguistics came with a new and main idea with the emergence of the world Ferdinand de Saussure. In conjunction with the secularization of the Industrial Revolution, Saussure wanted to secularize language also in his book "Lectures in General Linguistics", which was about A group of lectures collected by his students and the language of Saussure bears multiple identities derived from the values of religion, the environment, culture, and philosophical thought.
Linguistics is divided into two main parts: the first is concerned with the study of the form of language or what is termed structure, and the second is concerned with the study of the meaning of language or what is termed semantics.
Linguistics is divided into several sections, including: