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Geomorphology focuses on the study of topography (such as mountains, plains, valleys, rivers, deserts, and coasts) and the reasons for its emergence and development over time. Geomorphology is a word of Greek origin.
This science is nothing but a science related to the scientific study of the origin and development of the topographic and measurable features of the depths resulting from physical, chemical or biological processes operating on or near the surface of the Earth. Geomorphologists strive to understand why landscapes look the way they do, understand the shape of the land and the history and dynamics of the terrain and predict changes through a combination of field observations, physical experiments, and numerical modeling.
Geomorphologists work in disciplines such as physical geography, geology, geodesy, engineering geology, archaeology, climatology, and geotechnical engineering. This broad interest base contributes to the many research methods and interests in this field.