مذكرات طبيب شاب

مذكرات طبيب شاب Novel pdf

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Mikhail Avanisevts Bulgakov, a Russian novelist and playwright, was born on May 15, 1891, in Kyiv, and he passed away on March 10, 1940, in Moscow. Initially, Bulgakov worked as a doctor, but he is best known for his novel "The Master and Margarita," which was published posthumously, three decades after his death. He was born into the family of a professor at the Kyiv Religious Academy, and he spent his childhood and youth in Kyiv. This city would later serve as a significant setting in his novel "The White Guard," becoming an expression of his deep connection to family and homeland, as evident in his article "Kyiv-City" from 1923.

Bulgakov attended the medical faculty of Kyiv University in 1909 and graduated with distinction in 1916, earning a degree as a medical doctor. During the 1920s, he explored the theme of social upheaval and its impact on human nature through satirical essays, stories, and anecdotes. Works like "Satanic Show" (1924) and "Deadly Eggs" (1925) exemplify his unique satirical literary style, which both fascinated and alarmed his contemporaries.

"The Heart of a Dog" (1925) was another satirical novel by Bulgakov that reflected the same direction of his sharp wit. Despite admiration from some, others refused to publish these works due to their scathing critique of the era.

The turning point in Bulgakov's career came with the publication of his novel "The White Guard." In 1925, the novel's two parts were published in the magazine "Russia," and it later gained further acclaim when adapted into the play "Days of the Turbins" at the Moscow Art Theater MKHAT in 1926. The play's success with audiences, including the attention of Stalin himself, was met with harsh criticism from the authorities, who accused Bulgakov of anti-Soviet sentiments. This led to the play's temporary withdrawal from the theater program in 1929, though it was shown again in 1932.

Bulgakov's international fame, however, came with his novel "The Master and Margarita," an extraordinary work that encompassed the themes from his previous creations and the essence of Russian and world classical literature. While the novel gained immense recognition globally, it faced censorship in the Soviet Union and was only published there in an abridged edition in 1966, long after the author's passing. Bulgakov consciously crafted this novel as a culminating masterpiece, blending various motifs and literary influences, solidifying his status as a prominent figure in Russian literature.

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مذكرات طبيب شاب novel pdf by Mikhail Bulgakov

هذا الكتاب يبين بوضوح بذور الإبداع لدى بولغاكوف, التي ستتضح لاحقاً وتورق في أعمال أخرى مثل نشيد الشيطان, وقلب كلب, والمعلم مرغريتا, جدير بالقراءة, لما فيه من محبة للخير والإنسان والعمل, هذا بالإضافة الى أسلوبه الجميل الذي جهد المؤلف نقله بأمانة. وكان من أهم ما تناوله الكتاب: المنشفة ذات الديك, الحنجرة المعدنية, الولادة, العاصفة, طفح كالنجوم, ظلام مصري, العين المفقودة.

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