فجر الإسلام

فجر الإسلام Book pdf

Author:

Ahmed Amin

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Arabic

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Religions

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332

Section:

Islam

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5452587 MB

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Ahmed Amin Ibrahim (October 1, 1886 - May 30, 1954) was an Egyptian writer, thinker, historian and writer, born in the Manshiyya district of Cairo. In his education, he graduated from "Al-Kitab" to "Abbas Pasha's mother's primary school", to "Al-Azhar", to the "Shari'a Judiciary School", from which he obtained a Judicial Certificate in 1911. After two years, he studied at the Sharia Judiciary School. Then, in 1913, he moved to the judiciary and worked A judge for a period of 3 months, after which he returned as a teacher at the School of the Judiciary.In 1926, his friend Taha Hussein offered him to work as a teacher at the Faculty of Arts at Cairo University, where he worked as a teacher and then an assistant professor until he became its dean in 1939. He established with some of his colleagues in 1914 the “Committee for Authoring, Translation and Publishing.” He remained its president until his death in 1954. He participated in the production of “Al-Risala Magazine” (1936 AD). He also established the weekly literary magazine “Culture” (1939 AD). In 1946 AD, after taking over the Cultural Department at the Ministry of Education, he established what was known as the “People’s University” and his goal was Including the dissemination of culture among the people through lectures and seminars.In the same period, the Arab Manuscripts Institute of the League of Arab States established his death. Ahmed Amin contracted an eye disease before his death, then a leg ailment, so he did not leave his house except for an extreme necessity. He will stop writing and research until God passes away on the 27th of Ramadan 1373 AH corresponding to May 30, 1954 AD, many who knew his fate cried. Perhaps his word: "I want to work, not dominate" is an important key in understanding this great personality.

Book Description

فجر الإسلام book pdf by Ahmed Amin

إن امتداد الفتوحات الإسلامية في صدر الإسلام إلى رقعة جغرافية كبيرة تضمنت في إطارها عدة حضارات وثقافات عريقة، لم يجعل المسيرة الفكرية والحضارية للأمة الإسلامية إبان القرن الأول الهجري مجرد مسيرة بسيطة، بل جعلها مسيرة مركبة، تمثل ملتقى لتمازج وتداخل العديد من الأفكار والعناصر، وقد مثلت الدولة الأموية جماع هذا الملتقى، ففيها اجتمع أثر الجاهلية والإسلام والمسيحية، وامتزج التراث اليوناني والروماني بالفارسي، كما كان للديانات الهندية أثر كبير في التكوين الحضاري، ويؤرخ أحمد أمين في هذا الكتاب لهذه الفترة الحيوية من التاريخ الإسلامي، حيث يتعقب فيها الحياة العقلية منذ صدر الإسلام حتى نهاية الدولة الأموية.

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