خان الخليلي

خان الخليلي Novel pdf

Author:

Naguib Mahfouz

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Arabic

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literature

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178

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Literary novels

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2075 MB

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Naguib Mahfouz: The pioneer of the Arabic novel, and the winner of the highest literary prize in the world.
He was born on December 11, 1911 in Al-Gamaliya neighborhood in Cairo, to a middle-class family. His father was a government employee. He chose the name of the doctor who supervised his birth, Dr. Naguib Mahfouz Pasha, so that his name would be compounded by Naguib Mahfouz.
He was sent to writers at a young age, and then enrolled in primary school, during which he learned about the adventures of "Ben Johnson", which he borrowed from a colleague to read, to be Mahfouz's first experience in the world of reading. He also experienced the 1919 revolution at the age of eight, and it left a profound impact on him that later appeared in his novels.
After high school, Mahfouz decided to study philosophy and joined the Egyptian University, and there he met the Dean of Arabic Literature, Taha Hussein, to tell him of his desire to study the origin of existence. At this stage, his passion for reading increased, and he was preoccupied with the ideas of philosophers, which had the greatest impact on his way of thinking.
After graduating from the university, he worked as an administrative employee there for a year, then held several government jobs such as his work as a secretary in the Ministry of Awqaf. He also held several other positions, including: Head of the Oversight Authority at the Ministry of Guidance, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Cinema Support Foundation, and Adviser to the Ministry of Culture.
Mahfouz had intended to complete academic studies and prepare for a master’s degree in philosophy on the subject of “Beauty in Islamic Philosophy,” but he fought a struggle with himself between his love for philosophy on the one hand, and his love for tales and literature, which began from his childhood on the other, and ended this internal conflict in favor of literature; He saw that philosophy could be presented through literature.
Mahfouz began to feel his first steps in the world of literature by writing stories, so he published eighty stories without payment. In 1939, his first creative experiments came to light. The novel "The Abatement of Destinies", after which he continued writing the novel and the short story in addition to the play, as well as press articles and scenarios for some Egyptian films.
Mahfouz’s novelist experience went through several stages, starting with the historical stage in which he returned to ancient Egyptian history, and issued his three historical trilogy: “The Absurdity of Predestination,” “Radopis,” and “The Good Struggle.” Then the realistic stage that began in 1945 AD, coinciding with the Second World War; At this stage, he approached reality and society, and published his realistic novels such as “New Cairo” and “Khan Al-Khalili”, reaching the peak of novelistic creativity with the famous trilogy: “Bain Al Qasrain”, “Qasr Al-Shouq” and “Al-Sukaria”. Then the symbolic or intellectual stage, whose most prominent works were: "The Road", "The Beggar", "Gossip over the Nile", and "The Children of Our Neighborhood" (which caused widespread controversy in religious circles, and its publication was banned for a while).
In 1994, Mahfouz was subjected to an assassination attempt, from which he survived, but it affected the nerves of the upper right side of the neck, negatively affecting his ability to write.
He received many international and local awards, most notably: the “Nobel Prize in Literature” in 1988, and the “Nile Necklace” in the same year.
The icon of Egyptian and Arabic literature “Naguib Mahfouz” passed away on August 30, 2006 AD, after a life full of creativity and giving, during which he presented many literary works close to humans and loaded with the philosophy of life, which is a great legacy that every Egyptian, every Arab, and every human celebrates.

Book Description

خان الخليلي novel pdf by Naguib Mahfouz

رواية "خان الخليلي" من تأليف الكاتب المصري نجيب محفوظ والتي صدرت عام 1946. تتناول الرواية قصة حي خان الخليلي في القاهرة وأهله، وهي إحدى أشهر روايات الكاتب وأكثرها شهرة، وقد حققت نجاحًا كبيرًا في الوطن العربي وخارجه.

تدور أحداث الرواية حول عائلة عريقة في حي خان الخليلي، يعود نسبهم إلى مدينة الخليل في فلسطين. وتحكي الرواية قصة رجل الأعمال أحمد عبد الجواد الذي يحاول توسيع عمله وزيادة ثروته، وذلك من خلال الاستيلاء على ممتلكات السكان في حي خان الخليلي، ومنهم عائلة الصيادلة العريقة.

تتميز الرواية بأسلوب السرد السهل والسلس، وتقدم للقارئ نظرة شاملة عن الحياة في مصر في العشرينات من القرن الماضي. كما تتناول الرواية قضايا اجتماعية هامة مثل الطمع والفساد والفوارق الطبقية والتحولات الاجتماعية والتقلبات السياسية التي شهدتها مصر في تلك الفترة.

تعتبر رواية "خان الخليلي" من أهم روايات الأدب العربي الحديث وتمتاز بتصويرها للواقع المصري والتركيز على الفوارق الاجتماعية والظلم الذي تعاني منه الطبقة الفقيرة والعاملة. وتُعَدُّ الرواية إحدى المراجع الأساسية لفهم الحياة الاجتماعية والسياسية في مصر في العشرينات من القرن الماضي، ولذلك فهي تحظى بشعبية واسعة بين القراء حتى اليوم.

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